The collection includes documents and materials that reflect the deportation policy of the Soviet authorities on the Crimean peninsula during World War II and the postwar period, reveal the economic and cultural aspects of Crimea's accession to the Ukrainian SSR, reflect the struggle of Crimean Tatars in the 1950s and 1980s to return to their historical homeland and highlight the problem of repatriation, adaptation, and integration of Crimean Tatars into the Ukrainian socio-cultural and political space. The book will be of interest to historians, ethnologists, political scientists, teachers, and anyone interested in national history. The collection includes documents from the fonds of the Central State Archive of Public Associations of Ukraine, the Central State Archive of Higher Bodies of Power and Administration of Ukraine, the Sectoral State Archive of the Security Service of Ukraine, the Sectoral State Archive of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, and the State Archive in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The publication contains 309 documents, 230 of which are published for the first time. Hardcover, 1092 pages.